Hobby Master 1-72 Air Power
HA1222 Grumman TBF-1C Avenger "The Battle of Leyte " White 93” of VT-15,
USS Essex (CV 9) Nov 1944

Designed as a replacement for the aging TBD-1 Devastator the new TBF-1 was hastily sent to Midway when the USN became aware of the imminent attack on the island. The six TBF-1s were sent to attack the Japanese fleet that resulted in 5 aircraft being shot down and the 6th crash-landed on Midway. Lesson learned more firepower was added by placing a .50 caliber machine gun in each wing and larger fuel tanks. This modification brought about the TBF-1C with later modifications adding four rockets rails under each wing.

In mid-May 1944 the USS Essex joined other carriers to carry out strikes on the Marcus and Wake Islands. In June and August Essex supported the occupation of the Marianas and carried out attacks on shipping around the Palau Islands and Mindanao in September. In October the USS Essex and VT-15 took part in the Battle of Leyte Gulf and on November 5, 1944 TBF-1C Bu.No 46353 White 93’s gunner was killed attacking an IJN Cruiser. On November 25 USS Essex was badly damaged by a Kamikaze aircraft.

TBF-1C Specifications Dimensions
Length: 40' 11.5"
Height: 16' 9"
Wing Span: 54' 2"
Max Weight: 17,364 lbs
Empty Weight: 10,500 lbs
Engine & Power
1 X Wright R-2600-8 radial engine
Power: 1700 HP at sea level
Stall Speed: 77 mph IAS
Max Speed: 249 mph
Ceiling: 21,400 ft
Rate of climb: 1,400 fpm at sea level
Range: 1,100 miles
2 X .50 cal machine guns in turret
2 X .50 cal machine guns in wing
1 X .30 gun in tail
Various bombs or torpedo.